Critical Thinking | skills you need (2023)

Also see:Evaluation of information from the Internet

What is critical thinking?

Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally and to understand the logical connection between ideas. Critical thinking has been the subject of much debate and reflection since the time of early Greek philosophers such as Plato and Socrates and continues to be discussed in modern times, for example the ability to discernfake news.

Critical thinking can be described as the ability to think reflectively and independently.

Essentially, critical thinking requires you to use your thinking skills. It's about being an active learner and not a passive recipient of information.

Critical thinkers rigorously challenge ideas and assumptions rather than taking them at face value. They will always seek to determine whether the ideas, arguments, and results present the full picture, and are open to determining that they do not.

Critical thinkers identify, analyze, and solve problems systematically rather than through intuition or instinct.

Someone with critical thinking skills can:

  • Understand the connections between ideas.

  • Determine the importance and relevance of arguments and ideas.

  • Identify, build and evaluate arguments.

  • Identify inconsistencies and misconceptions.

  • Approach problems consistently and systematically.

  • Reflect on the justification of your own assumptions, beliefs, and values.

    (Video) 5 tips to improve your critical thinking - Samantha Agoos

critical thinkingit's about thinking about things in a certain way in order to arrive at the best possible solution under the circumstances the thinker knows. In everyday language, it's a way of thinking about what's on your mind to come to the best possible conclusion.

Critical thinking is:

A way of thinking about certain things at a certain point in time; It is not the accumulation of facts and knowledge or something that you can learn once and then use forever in this way, like the multiplication tables that you learn and use in school.

The skills we need for critical thinking

The skills we need to be able to think critically are diverse and include observation, analysis, interpretation, reflection, evaluation, reasoning, explanation, problem solving and decision making.

In particular, we must be able to:

  • Think objectively and critically about a topic or question.

  • Identify the different arguments that exist in relation to a specific problem.

  • Evaluate a viewpoint to determine how strong or valid it is.

  • Recognize any weaknesses or negative points present in the evidence or argument.

  • Pay attention to the implications behind a statement or argument.

  • Provide structured reasoning and support for an argument we wish to make.

The process of critical thinking

You have to realize that none of us thinks critically all the time.

Sometimes we think in almost every way but critically, such as when our self-control is compromised by anger, sadness, or joy, or when we just feel "damned."

(Video) CRITICAL THINKING - Fundamentals: Introduction to Critical Thinking [HD]

On the other hand, the good news is that since our critical thinking ability varies depending on our current mindset, most of the time we can learn to improve our critical thinking skills by developing certain routine activities and applying them to any problems we are dealing with we are confronted ... they introduce themselves. .

Once you understand critical thinking theory, improving your critical thinking skills takes persistence and practice.

Try this simple exercise to think critically.

Think of something someone said to you recently. So ask yourself the following questions:

Who said that?

someone you know Someone in a position of authority or power? Does it matter who told you that?

what did they say

Did they state facts or opinions? Did you provide all the facts? Did you miss something?

Where did you say that?

Was it public or private? Did other people have a chance to respond and provide an alternative account?

When did you say that?

Was it before, during or after an important event? Is time important?

Why did you say that?

(Video) 15 Ways to Develop Critical Thinking

Did they explain the reasons for their opinion? Did they want to make someone look good or bad?

how did they say it

Were they happy or sad, angry or indifferent? Did they write or say that? Did you understand what was said?

What do you want to achieve?

One of the most important aspects of critical thinking is deciding what you want to achieve and then making a decision based on a range of possibilities.

Once you have this goal in mind, you should use it as a starting point for all future situations that require reflection and possibly further decisions. If necessary, let your co-workers, family members or those close to you know that you intend to pursue this goal. You must then discipline yourself to stay on track until changing circumstances cause you to reconsider where you started the decision-making process.

However, there are things that stand in the way of simple decisions.We all carry with us a set of likes and dislikes, learned behaviors and personal preferences that we have developed throughout life; are the hallmarks of being human. A big part of helping us think critically is to be aware of these personal traits, preferences, and biases, and to take them into account when considering possible next steps, whether in the pre-consideration phase or as part of a rethinking due to the unforeseen events. or unforeseen obstacles to further progress.

The more clearly we are aware of ourselves, our strengths and weaknesses, the more likely our critical thinking is productive.

The advantage of the forecast

Perhaps the most important element of critical thinking is foresight.

Almost every decision we make and implement is not catastrophic if we find reasons to abandon it. However, our decision-making becomes infinitely better and more fruitful when we stop at a tentative conclusion and consider the impact on the people and activities around us.

The elements that need to be considered are usually numerous and varied. In many cases, looking at an element from a different perspective will reveal potential dangers in pursuing our decision.

For example, moving a commercial activity to a new location can significantly improve production potential, but also lead to the loss of skilled workers if the distance is too great. Which of these is the most important consideration? Is there a way to defuse the conflict?

This is the kind of problem that can arise from incomplete critical thinking, perhaps a testament to the vital importance of good critical thinking.

Additional reading skills you need

(Video) 5 Essential Critical Thinking Skills For Making Good Decisions

Student Skills Guide

Critical Thinking | skills you need (2)

Develop the skills you need to make the most of your time as a student.

Our eBooks are ideal for students of all levels of education, schools, colleges and universities. They're packed with easy-to-understand, practical information to help you study more effectively and get better grades.

In summary:

  • Critical thinking aims to achieve the best possible results in every situation. For this purpose, information from as many different sources as possible should be collected and evaluated.

  • Critical thinking requires a clear, often uncomfortable, assessment of your personal strengths, weaknesses, and preferences and how they might influence your decisions.

  • Critical thinking requires developing and using foresight as much as possible. As Doris Day sang, "The future is not in our hands."

  • Implementing decisions based on critical thinking must include an assessment of possible outcomes and ways to avoid potentially negative outcomes, or at least reduce their impact.

  • Critical thinking involves reviewing the results of applying decisions made and implementing changes whenever possible.

One might think that rather than examining the information provided and knowledge gained to see if, where appropriate, we are constructing acceptable meaning, we overstate our demands on critical thinking by hoping that it can help construct focused meaning can useful.

Because almost no information that is available to us, be it external or internal, contains a guarantee as to its durability or suitability. Detailed step-by-step instructions may provide a sort of grid on which our basic understanding of critical thinking can flourish, but there are and cannot be any guarantees of safety, usefulness, or longevity.

Critical thinking and fake news
critical reading

(Video) This tool will help improve your critical thinking - Erick Wilberding

Also see:
Understand and address conspiracy theories
Introduction to Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP)


What is critical thinking for you give example in your answer? ›

What is critical thinking? Critical thinking refers to the ability to evaluate information and to be aware of biases or assumptions, including your own. Like information literacy, it involves evaluating arguments, identifying and solving problems in an objective and systematic way, and clearly communicating your ideas.

How could I demonstrate my critical thinking skills in a job interview? ›

Give examples of how you conducted research, consulted appropriate sources, weighed your options, took the time to digest the information, and considered similar past scenarios. Come to the interview armed with a few examples of how you've handled making important decisions or solving complex problems.

How would you describe a good critical thinkers? ›

Critical thinking is an approach to the world, a way of life that goes beyond skill or technique. Effective critical thinkers go beyond surface level exposition while digging deeper into other arsenals of knowledge in an attempt to fully understand a given situation or scenario.

What is the best way to answer critical thinking questions? ›

Your answer should display how you were able to use logic and resourcefulness to come to a rational decision. When including an example in your response, focus on the thought process rather than the results.

What is an example of critical thinking at work? ›

Promoting a teamwork approach to problem-solving

And then offer constructive criticism while sharing your own opinion on the situation. This is one of the common critical thinking examples in the workplace.

What is critical thinking short answer? ›

Critical thinking is a kind of thinking in which you question, analyse, interpret, evaluate and make a judgement about what you read, hear, say, or write. The term critical comes from the Greek word kritikos meaning “able to judge or discern”.

How would you describe your critical thinking and problem-solving skills? ›

Problem solving and critical thinking refers to the ability to use knowledge, facts, and data to effectively solve problems. This doesn't mean you need to have an immediate answer, it means you have to be able to think on your feet, assess problems and find solutions.

How do you demonstrate critical thinking and problem-solving? ›

Here are steps you might take when using critical thinking for problem-solving at work: Identify a problem or issue. Create inferences on why the problem exists and how it can be solved. Collect information or data on the issue through research.

What are the 3 key factors in critical thinking? ›

Gather relevant information. Think through solutions and conclusions. Consider alternative systems of thought.

What are the 3 main critical thinking techniques? ›

Critical-thinking skills connect and organize ideas. Three types distinguish them: analysis, inference, and evaluation.

What are the 3 C's of critical thinking? ›

Teaching the 3 Cs: Creativity, Curiosity, and Courtesy.

What are the critical thinking key words? ›

The key critical thinking skills are: analysis, interpretation, inference, explanation, self-regulation, open-mindedness, and problem-solving.

What is the most effective way to practice critical thinking? ›

How to Develop Critical Thinking
  1. Don't Believe Everything You're Told. The first step to critical thinking is to consider more than one point of view. ...
  2. Don't Believe Everything You Think. ...
  3. Ask Questions. ...
  4. Research Deeper. ...
  5. Evaluate Your Work.

What is a real life example of critical thinking? ›

It's easy to find examples of critical thinking skills being applied, everyday, in everyday life. Here are fifteen positive examples of critical thinking: A person trying to interpret an angry friend's needs, expressed through a rush of emotion and snide comments, to give that friend some help and support.

What are the 6 questions to trigger critical thinking? ›

You can use the learning cycle and the six questions (5W + 1H system) to trigger your critical thinking. Think about the six questions: What, Who, When, Where, Why, and How, as demonstrated in the table below. What are the main messages, arguments, results, or findings?

What is the biggest question in critical thinking? ›

Asking “why” might be one of the most important parts of critical thinking. Exploring and understanding motivation helps develop empathy and make sense of difficult situations.

What are the 7 critical thinking questions? ›

Let's use a simple example of applying logic to a critical-thinking situation.
Questions of Logic in Critical Thinking
  • What's happening? ...
  • Why is it important? ...
  • What don't I see? ...
  • How do I know? ...
  • Who is saying it? ...
  • What else?

How can I improve my thinking skills? ›

How To Improve Your Critical Thinking Skills
  1. Know exactly what you want. ...
  2. Deal with your biases. ...
  3. Consider the consequences of your options. ...
  4. Do your research. ...
  5. Accept the fact that you're not always right. ...
  6. Break it down. ...
  7. Don't overcomplicate things. ...
  8. 2022 L&D Report.
Jan 24, 2022

What is the main focus of critical thinking? ›

Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.

How do you think clearly and logically? ›

With that in mind, let's take a look at seven practical ways of developing clear and incisive thinking habits and skills.
  1. What Does “Clear Thinking” Actually Mean? ...
  2. Cultivate Mindfulness. ...
  3. Eliminate Distractions. ...
  4. Fuel Your Brain. ...
  5. Start a Daily Meditation Practice. ...
  6. Organize Your Workspace.
Jun 2, 2021

How do you show you have problem-solving skills? ›

Whether or not you have experience solving problems in a professional workplace, illustrate your problem-solving skills by describing your research, analysis, and decision-making process — and make it clear that you're the solution to the employer's current problems.

Which is the best example of critical thinking? ›

Critical thinking example 1: Problem-solving

Imagine you're at work. Someone, potentially your manager, presents you with a problem. You immediately go off and start looking for solutions. But do you take a step back first to analyse the situation, gathering and reviewing as much information as possible?

What is an example of critical thinking for students? ›

For example, students might apply critical thinking in their science lesson to work out the best way to approach their group project. They make decisions such as who will complete each task, in what time frame. They solve problems like how and where they will meet outside of school hours to work together.

Why is critical thinking very important explain your answer? ›

Critical Thinking enhances language and presentation skills. Thinking clearly and systematically can improve the way we express our ideas. In learning how to analyse the logical structure of texts, critical thinking also improves comprehension abilities.

How can you improve critical thinking examples? ›

How To Improve Your Critical Thinking Skills
  1. Know exactly what you want. ...
  2. Deal with your biases. ...
  3. Consider the consequences of your options. ...
  4. Do your research. ...
  5. Accept the fact that you're not always right. ...
  6. Break it down. ...
  7. Don't overcomplicate things. ...
  8. 2022 L&D Report.
Jan 24, 2022

How can I practice critical thinking everyday? ›

How To Improve Your Critical Thinking. Define Your Question: When it comes to critical thinking, it's important to always keep your goal in mind. Know what you're trying to achieve, and then figure out how to best get there. Gather Reliable Information: Make sure that you're using sources you can trust — biases aside.

What is the most important element in critical thinking? ›

Being able to properly analyze information is the most important aspect of critical thinking.

How important is critical thinking to your problem-solving process? ›

Critical thinking skills are important because they enable students “to deal effectively with social, scientific, and practical problems” (Shakirova, 2007, p. 42). Simply put, students who are able to think critically are able to solve problems effectively. Merely having knowledge or information is not enough.


1. Study Skills Workshop 05 - Critical Thinking Skills
(Birkbeck, University of London)
2. The Rise Of NPCs: Why Critical Thinking Is Dead
(Cole Hastings)
3. Critical Thinking - Proven Strategies To Improve Decision Making Skills - FULL AUDIOBOOK
(Success Audios)
4. Jordan Peterson - The Best Way To Learn Critical Thinking
(Bite-sized Philosophy)
5. Five simple strategies to sharpen your critical thinking | BBC Ideas
(BBC Ideas)
6. Skepticism: Why critical thinking makes you smarter | Bill Nye, Derren Brown & more | Big Think
(Big Think)


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