Charles Darwin: The Man Behind the Ape | The Creation Research Institute (2023)

Wer: Charles Robert Darwin
When: February 12, 1809 – April 19, 1882
Wo: Shrewsbury, Inglaterra
What: Father of the theory of evolution by natural selection

Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection is hailed in the mainstream scientific community as the unifying theory of the life sciences. Elevated to demigod status, he has been accorded a place of public esteem where all ideas outside of antiquated theory of him are systematically and unfairly expelled.

But Darwin was not a god. He wasn't even a demigod. He was a man whose speculations about long death times and mutations offered an anti-creator explanation for the diversity of life observed on Earth. Two centuries after his birth, it's time for Darwin to leave his throne long enough for us to examine the man behind the ape.

Early life

Charles Darwin was born in 1809. He attended a boarding school at Shrewsbury School and went to Edinburgh University in October 1825 to study medicine. There he worked with Robert Grant and studied marine invertebrates. He didn't do well to see blood and suffering, so he gave up medicine and went into ministry. Ordination by the Church of England required a degree from an English university, so in 1828 he entered Christ's College, Cambridge.

Darwin was not a brilliant student, but he was a passionate scientist. He collected beetles and became close friends with botany professor John Stevens Henslow, who introduced him to other prominent naturalists. He enjoyed William Paleystestimonies of christianityYnatural theology, who advocated divine design in nature. Shortly after receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1831, he studied field geology in North Wales with Adam Sedgwick.

(Video) Creation Class: Adam or Apes | DVD Trailer

the hmsBeagle

Henslow suggested that Darwin take his place on HMS.BeagleTravel to America as the unpaid naturalist and gentleman companion to Captain Robert FitzRoy. Darwin was almost a complete novice, his experience based solely on rudimentary geological studies, collecting beetles and dissecting marine invertebrates.

During the five-year voyage, Darwin kept detailed records of his observations and conclusions. Along with his letters, he sent copies to Cambridge. FitzRoy had given him a copy of Charles Lyellsgeology basics,who promoted uniformitarian concepts and strongly influenced Darwin's thought. In Cape Town he met astronomer John Herschel, who defended Lyell's uniformitarianism as "the natural contrast to a miraculous process".1

Darwin made some of his most famous observations on excursions to the coasts and islands of South America, such as B. the variations he found in finches and mockingbirds on the Galapagos Islands. Previously in Tierra del Fuego, he observed how, after living in England, Tierra del Fuegos behaved differently from their "wild" relatives, and compared this to the differences between domestic and wild animals.

Henslow faithfully distributed the notes he received during the trip and when theBeagleUpon returning in 1836, Darwin was already a celebrity and accepted among the scientific elite. He obtained expert opinions for some of his findings. Darwin toyed with the idea of ​​species transmutation, or the conversion of one species into another, and in July 1837 he created his famous evolutionary tree in his notebook, on which he scribbled "I think." He edited the reports on the specimens from him. and produced with Henslows Multi-volume volume supportZoology of the voyage of H.M.S. beagle(1832-1836).

On the origin of species

(Video) Making a Monkey out of Darwin

Darwin expanded on the idea of ​​species transmutation, adding the concept that nature selects certain desirable traits and passes them on to future generations. He theorized that if enough desirable traits accumulated, an entirely new species could be formed. Along with Lyell's long geological theories, descent with modification - not the popular definition of "change over time" favored by evolutionists today - the theory was born.

On the emergence of species through natural selection or the preservation of preferred breeds in the struggle for lifeit went on sale on November 22, 1859. Darwin knew his book would conflict with creation-based concepts of origin.

In considering the origin of species, it is quite conceivable that a naturalist, considering the mutual affinities of organic beings, their embryological relations, geographical distribution, geological succession, and other similar facts, would conclude that each species concluded that they were not independently created. , but descends from other species as varieties.2

Although Darwin had not completely abandoned his belief, he ruled out creation science as a plausible explanation. He recognized the power of God, but not the power of God to create.

Anyone who believes that each species of horse was created independently will presumably claim that each species was created with a tendency to vary, both in nature and in domestication... Admitting this view seems to me to bring something real out of the unreal. . at least for some unknown reason. It makes the works of God a mere mockery and a deceit; You would be almost as quick as the ancient ignorant cosmogonists to believe that fossil shells never lived, but were created in stone to mock the shells that now live on the seashore.3

appearance of speciesit was popular, thanks to Darwin's friends in the elite scientific community. The response from the Church of England was mixed, with its leaders accepting it as theistic evolution or rejecting it as heresy. Due to Darwin's health, he did not participate in the debates, but friends like Joseph Hooker and "Darwin's bulldog" Thomas Henry Huxley strongly defended him.

Darwin published many books, including the controversialHuman ancestry and sex selection.(1871) youThe expression of emotions in humans and animals.(1872).appearance of speciesit was translated into many languages, and Darwinism became a movement that inspired other evolutionary ideas, including Lyell's.Geological evidence of human antiquity(1863), HuxleyEvidence of man's place in nature.(1863) y Henry Walter Bates'The naturalist in the Amazon river(1863).

Darwin's work is also associated with ideas such as Herbert Spencer's "Survival of the Fittest", although Darwin himself did not coin the term. Having witnessed slavery on boardBeagleDarwin didn't like it, but his ideas have been used to justify practices ranging from laissez-faire capitalism, racism, colonialism, Francis Galton's eugenics, and social Darwinism.

(Video) Reviewing "Adam or Apes" by the Institute for Creation Research

loss of faith and death

Although Darwin was baptized in the Church of England, he came from a non-conformist Unitarian family, and his father and grandfather (zoonomyauthor Erasmus Darwin) were free thinkers. He regarded the Bible as an authority on moral matters, but after hisBeagletrip, questioned his story. He also questioned the Creator's benevolence in the face of pain and suffering, rather than seeing it as the result of humanity's sin and the fallen world.

After his daughter Annie died in 1851, Darwin's faith in Christianity continued to decline and he stopped going to church.4He suffered from ill health throughout his adult life and died on April 19, 1882 in Downe, Kent. It is speculated that he converted to Christianity on his deathbed, but his children have refuted these claims. His colleagues urged the president of the Royal Society, William Spottiswoode, to give him a state funeral and bury him in Westminster Abbey, near John Herschel and Isaac Newton. Darwin was one of five non-kings granted a state funeral in the 19th century.

Darwin hoy

Darwin Day has become an annual celebration. This year marks Darwin's 200th birthday and Darwin's 150th anniversaryOrigin of species'Publication. To commemorate this, Darwin exhibitions have opened in museums around the world, including one that ends on April 19 at the Natural History Museum in London. Cambridge University will host a festival, as will his birthplace in Shrewsbury.

In Great Britain a special two pound coin was minted in honor of Darwin. And in 2008, the Church of England formally apologized to Darwin "for having misunderstood him and encouraging others to continue to misunderstand him by misunderstanding our initial reaction."5

(Video) The 'ape to man' evolutionary image is a fraud. (Creation Magazine LIVE! 6-10)

But today, Darwin's theory of descent with modification, which stimulated many other pernicious ideas, is still riddled with holes large and profuse enough to cast serious doubt on his claims. transitional life forms that would defeat Darwin's theory if not found,6still missing. Gregor Mendel refuted his theories of pangenesis (mixture of hereditary factors) and abiogenesis (creation of life through non-life).7y Luis Pasteur8respectively AND research continues to show complexity in design and non-random modifications.

Despite mounting scientific evidence to the contrary, many scientists today still blindly cling to Darwinism. "Biologists must keep in mind that what they see was not designed, it was designed," wrote molecular biologist Francis Crick.9

So in 2009 we celebrate a man whose ideas have raised many questions, but have unfortunately led to many wrong and even destructive answers. 150 years after his book hit the shelves, Darwinian evolution remains a theory in crisis.


  1. Darwin, ca. 2006.The Origin of Species: A Variorum Text.ed. M. Peckham. Filadelfia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 69.
  2. Darwin, eh 1859.On the emergence of species through natural selection or the preservation of preferred races in the struggle for life.Londres: John Murray, 3.
  3. Ibid., 167.
  4. Van Wyhe, J. 2008.Darwin: The history of man and his theories of evolution. London: Andre Deutsch Ltd.
  5. Wynne-Jones, J.Charles Darwin will receive an apology from the Church of England for rejecting evolution.Telegraph. Posted on 14 September 2008, accessed 13 January 2009.
  6. “Certainly geology does not reveal such a finely graded organic chain; and this is perhaps the most obvious and serious objection that can be raised against my theory. The explanation lies, I believe, in the extreme imperfection of the geological record. Darwin,Origen, 280.
  7. gave, approx. in 2008Man of Science, Man of God: Gregor Johann Mendel.actions and facts. 37 (10): 8.
  8. gave, approx. in 2008Man of Science, Man of God: Louis Pasteur.Actions and Facts.37 (11): 8.
  9. Crick, F. 1988.What a Crazy Quest: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery. Londres: Sloan Foundation Science, 138.

* Ms. Dao is deputy editor.

Cite this article: Dao, C. 2009. Charles Darwin: The Man Behind the Monkey.Actions and Facts.38 (2): 12.

(Video) Missing in Action | That's a Fact


Who was the man responsible for the theory of Darwinism? ›

The theory of evolution is a shortened form of the term “theory of evolution by natural selection,” which was proposed by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in the nineteenth century.

What are the 5 main points of Darwin's theory? ›

The five theories were: (1) evolution as such, (2) common descent, (3) gradualism, (4) multiplication of species, and (5) natural selection.

What did Darwin say about human evolution? ›

In the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin says little about human evolution, other than to assert firmly that we humans did evolve and are part of the interrelated natural world along with all other organisms.

Who was the scientist that helped Darwin understand population growth? ›

Thomas Malthus and Charles Lyell were two figures who influenced Darwin's theories. Malthus argued that there was never enough food to keep up with human population growth, so humans would always suffer from famine and misery. Evolution occurs, organisms change over time.

Who influenced Darwin's theory of evolution? ›

Darwin was influenced by other early thinkers, including Lamarck, Lyell, and Malthus. Darwin was also influenced by his knowledge of artificial selection. Wallace's paper on evolution confirmed Darwin's ideas.

Did humans evolve from apes? ›

Humans diverged from apes (chimpanzees, specifically) toward the end of the Miocene ~9.3 million to 6.5 million years ago. Understanding the origins of the human lineage (hominins) requires reconstructing the morphology, behavior, and environment of the chimpanzee-human last common ancestor.

What is Darwin's theory in simple terms? ›

Darwin proposed that species can change over time, that new species come from pre-existing species, and that all species share a common ancestor. In this model, each species has its own unique set of heritable (genetic) differences from the common ancestor, which have accumulated gradually over very long time periods.

What are Darwin's basic principles? ›

There are four principles at work in evolution—variation, inheritance, selection and time.

What are 3 strengths of Darwin's theory? ›

Darwin's work had three major strengths: evidence of evolution, a mechanism for evolution, and the recognition that variation is important.

What is the ape theory of evolution? ›

The Aquatic Ape Theory states that our ancestors once spent a significant part of their life in water. Presumably, early apes were plant and fruit eaters in tropical forests. Early hominids also ate aquatic food; at first mainly weeds and tubers, later sea shore animals, especially shellfish.

What is the proof of human evolution? ›

Evidence of Evolution

Millions of stone tools, figurines and paintings, footprints, and other traces of human behavior in the prehistoric record tell about where and how early humans lived and when certain technological innovations were invented.

What is the truth about human evolution? ›

Human evolution is the lengthy process of change by which people originated from apelike ancestors. Scientific evidence shows that the physical and behavioral traits shared by all people originated from apelike ancestors and evolved over a period of approximately six million years.

What 5 scientists influenced Darwin? ›

These personalities are not famous, but they play a significant role in shaping the theory of evolution through their influences on Darwin.
  • Erasmus Darwin. Source. ...
  • Thomas Malthus. Source. ...
  • Jean Lamarck. Source. ...
  • Alfred Russel Wallace. Source. ...
  • Charles Lyell. Source. ...
  • James Hutton. Source.

Who influenced Darwin the most? ›

Charles Darwin was inspired by Thomas Robert Malthus, a late-eighteenth-century economist. Malthus wrote, "Essay on the Principle of Population" (1798), which darwin examined. Thomas Malthus' inspired Darwin to refine natural selection by stating a reason for meaningful competition between members of the same species.

Who based on the work of Darwin came to believe Earth was much older than people thought? ›

Darwin took his book, Principles of Geology, with him on the Beagle. In the book, Lyell argued that gradual geological processes have slowly shaped Earth's surface over very long periods of time. From this, Lyell inferred that Earth must be far older than most people believed.

Who was the best known for making the thought of evolution? ›

In 1859, Darwin published his thoughts about evolution and natural selection in On the Origin of Species. It was as popular as it was controversial.

How did Darwin prove evolution? ›

Charles Darwin arrived at many of his insights into evolution by studying the variations among species on the Galápagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador. Darwin's original hypothesis has undergone extensive modification and expansion, but the central concepts stand firm.

Who discovered evolution before Darwin? ›

In the early 19th century prior to Darwinism, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744–1829) proposed his theory of the transmutation of species, the first fully formed theory of evolution.

Why are there still apes if we evolved? ›

We evolved and descended from the common ancestor of apes, which lived and died in the distant past. This means that we are related to other apes and that we are apes ourselves. And alongside us, the other living ape species have also evolved from that same common ancestor, and exist today in the wild and zoos.

Who was the first true man? ›

The First Humans

One of the earliest known humans is Homo habilis, or “handy man,” who lived about 2.4 million to 1.4 million years ago in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Can humans breed with any other animals? ›

Ethical considerations preclude definitive research on the subject, but it's safe to say that human DNA has become so different from that of other animals that interbreeding would likely be impossible.

Is evolution a theory or a law? ›

Evolution is only a theory. It is not a fact or a scientific law. Many people learned in elementary school that a theory falls in the middle of a hierarchy of certainty—above a mere hypothesis but below a law.

What did humans evolve from? ›

Modern humans originated in Africa within the past 200,000 years and evolved from their most likely recent common ancestor, Homo erectus, which means 'upright man' in Latin. Homo erectus is an extinct species of human that lived between 1.9 million and 135,000 years ago.

What are the 5 stages of human evolution? ›

  • Stages of human evolution:
  • Ramapithecus.
  • Australopithecus.
  • Homo Erectus.
  • Homo Sapiens Sapiens:

What are three criticism on Darwinism? ›

The three limitations of Darwin's theory concern the origin of DNA, the irreducible complexity of the cell, and the paucity of transitional species. Because of these limitations, the author predicts a paradigm shift away from evolution to an alternative explanation.

What is Darwin's ideology? ›

He is best remembered for his doctrine of social Darwinism, according to which the principles of evolution, including natural selection, apply to human societies, social classes, and individuals as well as to biological species developing over geologic time.

What are the two main elements of Darwin's theory? ›

Darwin's theory consisted of two main points; 1) diverse groups of animals evolve from one or a few common ancestors; 2) the mechanism by which this evolution takes place is natural selection.

What is Darwin's weakness? ›

Weaknesses: His body will adapt to whatever means to make Darwin survive, but will not meet his desires in many situations. For example, during his fight with the Hulk, his body teleports him away from the battle rather than supplying a power that would allow him to defeat the Hulk.

What is the disadvantage of Darwinism? ›

The main drawbacks of Darwinism are: The mechanism of inheritance is not explained. Only the most adaptive and fittest organism can survive which is not true. It talks the inheritance of only favourable character which is also not always true.

What is a weakness of the evolution theory? ›

Two weaknesses are the difficulty of confirming facts because of how slow evolution can occur in some cases, as well as not necessarily explaining the mechanisms of organisms as much as alternative theories, because evolutionary theories often focus instead on larger issues instead of the precise mechanisms.

What is the killer ape theory? ›

The killer ape theory or killer ape hypothesis is the theory that war and interpersonal aggression was the driving force behind human evolution. It was originated by Raymond Dart in the 1950s; it was developed further in African Genesis by Robert Ardrey in 1961.

Why did humans evolve but not apes? ›

Firstly, humans did not evolve from monkeys. Instead, monkeys and humans share a common ancestor from which both evolved around 25 million years ago. This evolutionary relationship is supported both by the fossil record and DNA analysis. A 2007 study showed that humans and rhesus monkeys share about 93% of their DNA.

Who discovered the ape to human evolution? ›

In Asia, in 1891, Eugene Dubois (also a paleoanthropologist) discovered the first fossil of Homo erectus (meaning upright man), which appeared 1.8 million years ago. This fossil received several names. The best known are Pithecanthropus (ape-man) and Sinanthropus (Chinese-man).

Do Christians believe in evolution? ›

Indeed, the pope recently reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church's view that “evolution in nature is not inconsistent” with church teaching on creation, pushing the debate on human origins back into the news.

What is the new race of humans? ›

Scientists have recently named a new species of human ancestor, Homo bodoensis. Dr. Mirjana Roksandic of the University of Winnipeg in Canada, led a team of researchers in reanalyzing fossils from Africa and Eurasia to precisely define the new species of ancestor.

What is the oldest human DNA in the world? ›

A window has been opened into a unique ecosystem that once existed in northern Greenland. Sediment samples taken from the geological formation Kap København contained minute DNA fragments, dating back two million years into the Pliocene.

Is evolution a proven fact? ›

Even if evolution were, hypothetically, rejected, contested by new data, scientists would have to study hard to find an alternative natural explanation that was able to explain everything that evolution explains today plus the new data that contested it. Evolution is a fact and a well-supported scientific theory.

Do all humans have a common ancestor? ›

They point out that although all humans alive today have mitochondrial DNA passed on from a common ancestor—a so-called Mitochondrial Eve—this is just a tiny fraction of our total genetic material.

Are humans still evolving? ›

What is clear however, is that all organisms are dynamic and will continue to adapt to their unique environments to continue being successful. In short, we are still evolving.

Who were the two geologist that influenced Darwin's work? ›

Summary. Darwin's ideas conflicted with widely held beliefs, such as the idea that organisms never change and that the world was only about 6,000 years old. Darwin was influenced by other scientists, including Lamarck, Lyell, and Wallace.

What is Charles Darwin most famous for in science? ›

Darwin's greatest contribution to science is that he completed the Copernican Revolution by drawing out for biology the notion of nature as a system of matter in motion governed by natural laws. With Darwin's discovery of natural selection, the origin and adaptations of organisms were brought into the realm of science.

What animals influenced Charles Darwin? ›

Charles Darwin was most fascinated by the finches that he studied on the Galapagos islands. These finches would become known as Darwin's finches and were used as his basis of the adaptive radiation theory.

What scientist influenced Darwin? ›

Charles Darwin

How did Darwin influence genetics? ›

Abstract. Darwin's contributions to evolutionary biology are well known, but his contributions to genetics are much less known. His main contribution was the collection of a tremendous amount of genetic data, and an attempt to provide a theoretical framework for its interpretation.

What did Darwin think humans came from? ›

Contrary to common perception, which is reflected in Mr. Singh's statement, Darwin did not say that humans directly evolved from apes. He merely pointed out the similarities between birds, fishes, mammals and reptiles and suggested that all life is related.

Where did Darwin think humans evolved? ›

Given that relationship, he figured, early human ancestors probably lived in Africa. Since then, Wood says, “the evidence has come in.” In the past century and a half, science has confirmed Darwin's prediction and pieced together a detailed account of our origins.

What did Marx think of Darwin? ›

In a letter from December 19, 1860 addressed to his friend and colleague Friedrich Engels, Marx states that Darwin's book contains “the basis in natural history for our view.” In a different letter to activist Ferdinand Lassalle (January 16, 1861), Marx concludes that “Darwin's book is very important and serves me as a ...

Who was the man who considered to be the father of evolution? ›

Charles Darwin: Naturalist, Revolutionary, and Father of Evolution.

Who helped Social Darwinism? ›

A number of them were influenced by the writings of Herbert Spencer, a British thinker. Referring to Darwin's work but using his own phrases such as “the struggle for existence” and “the survival of the fittest,” Spencer helped to popularize a theory known as Social Darwinism.

What is the theory of origin of man? ›

Human evolution is the lengthy process of change by which people originated from apelike ancestors. Scientific evidence shows that the physical and behavioral traits shared by all people originated from apelike ancestors and evolved over a period of approximately six million years.

Who is the master of evolution? ›

Masters of Evolution is a 1959 science fiction novel by American writer Damon Knight. It first appeared in 1954 in Galaxy Science Fiction as the novella "Natural State".
Masters of Evolution.
Cover of Masters of Evolution
AuthorDamon Knight
Media typePrint (Paperback) (magazine)
6 more rows

Why did Aristotle reject evolution? ›

On one hand, Aristotle's apparent metaphysical requirement that the soul-as-form (eidos) be permanent and enduring through the process of the generation of “like by like” seemed for much of the tradition to amount to a denial of the possibility that natural species could change over time in their essential properties, ...

What are the three theories of human evolution? ›

Abstract. In The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature, Steven Pinker maintains that at present there are three competing views of human nature—a Christian theory, a “blank slate” theory (what I call a social constructivist theory), and a Darwinian theory—and that the last of these will triumph in the end.

Who rejected Social Darwinism? ›

Critics of Social Darwinism, including John Dewey and William James, rejected the notion that the process of social and economic change should occur unregulated, arguing that government should intervene to address the social ills that accompanied industrial development.

How did Darwinism affect American society? ›

With Social Darwinism gaining popularity, inequality gained a strong foothold in the society driven by concepts of eugenics and racism. Around the 1900s, sizable populations around the world believed that the quality of human race should be improved by privileging the best human specimens (including themselves).

What is Social Darwinism for dummies? ›

Social Darwinism was the notion that human groups and races are also subject to natural selection. The theory gained popularity in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. During that time, some people used social Darwinism to justify capitalist, imperialist, and racist policies.

What did Charles Darwin say about the origin of man? ›

It was Darwin who documented beyond doubt, in The Descent of Man, that all living humans belong to a unitary species with a single origin—which we now know, on the basis of evidence of which Darwin could never have dreamed, to have been around 200,000 years ago.

What are the three existence of man? ›

The human existence consists of three layers: 1) the layer of global quality of life (QOL), mental/physical health and ability, 2) the layer of love, power/consciousness and sexuality, and 3) the layer of existential coherence, where life inside the human being coheres with the outside world.

What are the 7 stages of human evolution? ›

The following are the stages of human evolution:
  • Dryopithecus. These are deemed to be the ancestors of both man and apes. ...
  • Ramapithecus. ...
  • Australopithecus. ...
  • Homo Erectus. ...
  • Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis. ...
  • Homo Sapiens Sapiens.


1. How did rapid catastrophic processes form the Grand Canyon? - Dr. Steve Austin
(Is Genesis History?)
2. THE Interview That "Solves The Human Condition And Saves The World!"
(World Transformation Movement)
3. Made in His Image Seminar (2023)
(Institute for Creation Research (ICR))
4. The Puzzle of Ancient Man
(NW Creation Network)
5. Darwin’s Blunders, Frauds, and Forgeries – Dr Jerry Bergman
(Apologetics Forum of Snohomish County)
6. Debunking The Top 10 Pillars of Evolution
(Genesis Apologetics)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Prof. Nancy Dach

Last Updated: 07/17/2023

Views: 6324

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (57 voted)

Reviews: 88% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Prof. Nancy Dach

Birthday: 1993-08-23

Address: 569 Waelchi Ports, South Blainebury, LA 11589

Phone: +9958996486049

Job: Sales Manager

Hobby: Web surfing, Scuba diving, Mountaineering, Writing, Sailing, Dance, Blacksmithing

Introduction: My name is Prof. Nancy Dach, I am a lively, joyous, courageous, lovely, tender, charming, open person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.